It prefers filtered sunlight to partial shade. This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. Correspondents (largely via e-mail), however, have raised a number of questions and arguments directed toward invalidation of the apparent !Zamia integrifolia L. f. Choose Project. Fern-like pinnately divided leaves 10"-50" long with 5-30 leaflets. At the larval stage, the Eumaeus atala caterpillar exclusively eats the leaves of the coontie. possibly extinct in Puerto Rico and Haiti. If your Coontie is a Florida native, this is your plant. f.), is used in butterfly gardens or as an ornamental plant in landscapes. … Zami integrifolia is a low growing, attractive, shrubby cycad which creates a rounded clump form of rich green, multi-branched foliage. Etymology: Zamia integrifolia is actually a double misnomer because 'integrifolia' literally means entire leaves but was intended to refer to the leaflets which are not entire but have small callous teeth in the upper fourth. They are often revolute, with prickly petioles. Zamia integrifolia L.f. (Z. floridana) is a shrub-like herb with a fleshy underground stem. [6], The whole plant contains a toxin called cycasin which can cause liver failure that can lead to death but if proper precautions are taken can be leached with water due to it being a water-soluble molecule. Taxonomy of the West Indian cycads. N.C. Dioecious plants. The most common form of development is the rapid formation of cone domes on the plant's sympodium, which is its main axis. The common name is Florida arrowroot or coontie. Stem: 3–25 cm high and diameter, but is often subterranean and tuberous. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. [Zamia integrifolia A. form a strategic partnership called N.C. This plant has several common names. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Zamia . The common name is Coontie or Koonti, derived from the Seminole Native American language conti hateka. Pine cone cycad: Family: Cycadaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-12: Known Hazards: Zamia integrifolia The fleshy seeds contain a toxic glycoside that causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested[293 ]. "[16], Z. floridana plants are pollinated by two species of weevils, Rhopalotria slossoni and Pharaxonotha floridana. Unlike many cycads, this plant doesn’t have much of a trunk or other strong architectural features. Common name(s) Cardboard plant, Cardboard palm, Jamaican sago tree. Zamia Species: pumila Family: Zamiaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: Greater Antillies, Florida Distribution: FL, GA Wildlife Value: Larval host to the Atala butterfly. The male cones are cylindrical, growing to 5–16 cm long; they are often clustered. [15] Coralloid roots are just like lateral roots, but highly specialized to contain cyanobacteria. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Symbol Scientific Name; ZAAN2: Zamia angustifolia Jacq. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The leaves are 1-3 ft long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). The last method is when "adventitious buds appear in the cortical tissue closely connected with the stelar system of the trunk, and these buds continue their development like typical stems. Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f.) Kuntze ... Zamia integrifolia A.Gray Common names Florida arrowroot in English coontie in English Bibliographic References. It is sometimes called Coontie Palm or Coontie Fern based on its tropical appearance. The Flora of North America treats all of the American populations as Z. integrifolia. The pinnate leaves, that are often more than 1 m long, emerge in a rosette from a thick fleshy trunk. [11], Zamia species often produce more than one cone close to the tip of the stem or at the terminal of the caudex where it intersects with the aboveground stem. The reason for this was the lack of typification of various Zamia species and the use of the common name of "chigua" by indigenous people in the Choco of Colombia. Leaves from 0.6 to 1.5m long, dark green. Gray ex A. Native Americans processed the large underground roots of coontie into a starchy flour. Distribution & Habitat: Widely distributed throughout south-eastern USA (Georgia, and Florida), western Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Cayman Islands. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Poisonous Shrub Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics: Broadleaf Evergreen Habit/Form: Clumping Growth Rate: Slow Maintenance: Low; Cultural Conditions: Light: Cairns, Townsville. Zamia pumila is also often confused with zamia integrifolia, but the two are different Zamia species. The resulting powder than could be used to make a bread-like substance. … Zamia floridana (syn. Two names, Florida arrowroot and wild sago, refer to the former commercial use of this species as the source of an edible starch. Zami integrifolia is a low growing, attractive, shrubby cycad which creates a rounded clump form of rich green, multi-branched foliage. Linnaeus 1789. Each leaflet is linear to lanceolate or oblong-obovate, 8–25 cm long and 0.5–2 cm broad, entire or with indistinct teeth at the tip. Kuntze Palmifolium integrifolium (L.f.) Kuntze ... Zamia integrifolia A.Gray Common names Florida arrowroot in English coontie in English Bibliographic References. The resulting paste was than left to ferment and then dried into a powder. Syn: Zamia floridana A. de Candolle; Z. silvicola Small; Z. umbrosa Small (Landry 1993). [12], Since Z. floridana is a cycad, which are the only group of gymnosperms that form nitrogen-fixing associations, it depends on microbes as a source of nitrogen. nud.] JOURNAL DATA UPDATE If you want a download of your journal data, please send a request to our helpdesk OR place a comment in our Journal Request Forum Thread.Journals are set to be removed by the end of the year so don't delay! The plant has critical importance to the Eumaeus atala butterfly. Zamia integrifolia Name Synonyms Encephalartos pruniferus Sweet Palmifolium floridanum (A.DC.) [5] By the late 1880s, several mills in the Miami area started to produce Florida arrowroot until their demise after the World War 1. A source of starch for Native Americans. Culture: Florida arrowroot, coontie (English), conti hateka (Seminole) (Landry 1993).Taxonomic notes. This cycad produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. It is similar in many respects to Zamia pumila, but with slightly narrower and untuntheed leaflets. [13], The cones, also called strobilus, of Z. floridana are dioecious. It doesn't have much of a trunk, rathermore subterranean stems. This plant has several common names. Zamia integrifolia produces reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. This plant has several common names. The growing season of Z. floridana is during the spring, and the sex of the plant is undetermined until cones are produced. The fleshy seed coat must be removed to start germination. [13] The filamentous cyanobacteria belonging to the genus Nostoc, which is able to form symbiosis with a wide range of organisms,[14] inhabits the mucilage in the microaerobic and dark intercellular zone in between the inner and outer cortex of coralloid roots. There are male and female plants. It prefers well-drained, sandy, moist soils with or without organic matter though it does grow better in more nutrient-dense soils. Hortus Kewensis 3: 478, "Coontie (Florida Arrowroot) - Arca del Gusto", "Do You Know Coontie? Over time, it forms a multi-branched cluster, with a large, tuberous root system, which is actually an extension of the above-ground stems. List Of Danionin Species By Common Name Online Plant Guide - Zamia integrifolia / Coontie - The coontie was once quite common in Florida and south Georgia but due to the destruction of habitat plants are not nearly as prevelant. Eckenwalder, J. E. 1980. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). English. Zamia integrifolia Furnas 2015.jpg 4,330 × 3,248; 4.28 MB Zamia Integrifolia in Liberec Botanical Garden DSC 0243.jpg 469 × 387; 167 KB Zamia integrifolia kz01.jpg 2,608 × 3,478; 1.84 MB Female cones are broad, erect 3'-6' tall with fleshy, orange-yellow or reddish seeds 1/2"-1" long. These plants may resemble ferns or small palms but they are a type of gymnosperm known as a cycad. 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The growing season of Z. floridana plants are pollinated by two species of Zamia are to...
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